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This range is one of the most important and richest bird habitats in the hill country. Due to destruction of forests the number of bird species have declined in recent years. There are more than a hundred bird species present some of which are endemic to Sri Lanka. Of the 24 endemic bird species 18 have been observed in the Knuckles region. More than 18 migrants can be observed here at different times of the year.


In addition, a large number of species of butterflies, spiders and insects have been found in the Knuckles and some are endemics to Sri Lanka.

The diverse fauna of the Knuckles range








Family
Genus
species
Endemic
Nationally threatened
Birds
Amphibians
Butterflies
Molluscs
Mammals
Reptiles
Fish
26
3
4
6
12
4
4
42
4
11
10
17
10
9
128
20
60
17
31
53
15
17
12
5
12
4
23
8
20
12
8
0
9
24
7
Total
55
94
324
81
80

Source: National conservation Review - 1993
A guide to the Biodiversity of Knuckles forest Region IUCN - 2003

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